Family: Matricaria ChamomillaDescription & Extraction:
- Botanical Name: Matricaria chamomilla
- Appearance: Blue to bluish-green liquid
- Odor: Herbal like chamomile odor
- Form: Viscous liquid
- Extraction Method: Steam distilled
- Yields: 0.2 - 0.4 %
Chamomile essential oil is extracted from Matricaria chamomilla (M. recutica) of the same family and is also known by the names of blue chamomile, Hungarian chamomile, and single chamomile. Both Roman and German chamomile have excellent calming properties, Roman chamomile essential oil is produced from Anthemis nobilis (Chamaemelum nobile) of the family species Asteraceae, formerly placed in the Composite family. It is also known as English chamomile, sweet chamomile, and garden chamomile. Both chamomile oils are extracted from the flowers by steam distillation, with the Roman chamomile yielding about 1.7 % from fresh flowers and German chamomile yielding about 0.2 - 0.4 %. Both chamomiles but Roman chamomile is more effective for irritation, impatience and feeling disagreeable, and has great value in treating PMS and other menstrual and menopausal problems, while German chamomile is superbly effective on the skin, not only to sooth and calm, but to heal and for tissue regeneration. blend well with bergamot, clary sage, lavender, geranium, jasmine, tea tree, grapefruit, rose, lemon and ylang-ylang.Chemical Components:
The main chemical components of Roman chamomile oils are a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, 1,8-cineole, y-terpinene, caryophyllene, and propyl angelate and butyl angelate.
The main constituents of German chamomile oil are chamazulene, a-bisabolol, bisabolol oxide A, bisabolol oxide B and bisabolene oxide A.Toxicological Properties:
The properties of Roman chamomile oil are analgesic, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious, anti-depressant, anti-neuralgic, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, cholagogue, cicatrizant, emmenagogue, febrifuge, hepatic, nervine, digestive, tonic, sudorific, stomachic, vermifuge and vulnerary. The therapeutic properties of German chamomile oil, on the other hand, are analgesic, anti-allergenic, anti-spasmodic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, antiphlogistic, bactericidal, carminative, cicatrizant, cholagogue, emmenagogue, hepatic, digestive, stomachic, vermifuge, vasoconstrictor, and vulnerary. Both Roman and German chamomile have calming and relaxing abilities, especially on the nervous and digestive systems, regulating and easing the menstrual cycle. They have a soothing and healing influence on the skin, as well as being a potent remedy for inflammatory conditions. Uses & Precaution:
- Roman chamomile oil is used for
- This essential oil can be used with great effect on children when they feel irritable, impatient, teething or colicky.
- Women find it great to relieve PMS. In general, it is good for abdominal pain, gallbladder problems, as well as for throat infections. it furthermore helps to relieve allergies, hay fever, and asthma.
- For the skin, it can be used to calm acne, eczema, rashes, wounds, dermatitis, dry and itchy skin and other allergic conditions in general.
- For babies it can be used in a very diluted form to sooth an irritated and teething baby and helps for colic, diarrhea and gastric spasms.
- German chamomile oil is used for
- This essential oil has a calming effect on the mind and body and is excellent in treating any type of inflammation - be that internal or external - and is very effective on urinary stones (bladder gravel) as well.
- It stimulates the liver and gallbladder, thereby improving digestion and is valuable in treating menstrual and menopausal problems.